Home Health and wellness Understanding Anemia: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options

Understanding Anemia: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options

by Nita Mishra


Anemia is a prevalent condition characterized by a low count of red blood cells, impacting millions worldwide. This article delves into the causes, symptoms, and various treatment methods for anemia.

What is Anemia?

Anemia, indicated by low hemoglobin or hematocrit levels, affects nearly 6% of the U.S. population. Hemoglobin, vital for oxygen transport, is essential for bodily functions. Anemia can lead to symptoms like fatigue and shortness of breath due to insufficient oxygen supply.

Types of Anemia and Causes:

1. Anemia Caused by Blood Loss:

  • Slow bleeding due to gastrointestinal conditions, ulcers, or medications.
  • Heavy menstruation, post-surgery, or trauma can lead to significant blood loss.

2. Anemia Caused by Decreased Red Blood Cell Production:

  • Iron-Deficiency Anemia: Resulting from insufficient iron, common in infants, vegetarians, or those with certain medical conditions.
  • Sickle Cell Anemia: A genetic disorder primarily affecting African Americans and Hispanic Americans, causing abnormal-shaped red blood cells.
  • Vitamin-Deficiency Anemia: Due to a lack of B12 or folate, essential for red blood cell production.

3. Anemia Caused by Destruction of Red Blood Cells:

  • Hemolytic Anemia: Fragile red blood cells prone to breaking down, attributed to genetic conditions, infections, or toxins.

Diagnosis and Treatment:

  • Diagnosis: A Complete Blood Count (CBC) test analyzes red blood cells and other blood components. Additional tests include reticulocyte count and blood smear analysis.
  • Treatment: Treatment varies based on the type of anemia.
    • For iron-deficiency anemia, supplements and dietary changes, including iron-rich foods, are recommended.
    • Sickle cell anemia management includes pain relief, antibiotics, and specific medications.
    • Severe cases might require blood transfusions or bone marrow transplants.

Anemia and Pregnancy:

Pregnant individuals are prone to anemia due to increased blood production demands. Severe anemia can lead to complications such as preterm delivery or low birth weight. Iron supplements and iron-rich foods are crucial during pregnancy to prevent or treat anemia.

Preventing Anemia:

  • Consuming iron-rich foods, including meats, leafy greens, beans, and seafood.
  • Iron supplements, preferably with vitamin C for better absorption.
  • Regular medical check-ups to detect and address anemia early.

Balanced Diet Plan to Combat Anaemia

Dietary Pointers:

  1. Avoid Inhibitors: Refrain from consuming iron-rich foods with items that hinder iron absorption, such as calcium-rich foods, coffee, tea, and eggs.
  2. Combine with Vitamin C: Consume iron-rich foods along with those containing Vitamin C like oranges, strawberries, and tomatoes. Vitamin C enhances iron absorption.
  3. Include Beta Carotene: Incorporate foods rich in beta carotene like apricots, beetroot, and red peppers into your diet, as they promote iron absorption.
  4. Diversify Iron Sources: Consume a variety of heme (from animal sources) and nonheme (from plant sources) iron-rich foods. Pair them for optimal absorption.
  5. Folate and Vitamin B-12: Integrate foods high in folate and Vitamin B-12 into your diet to support overall blood health.

Iron-Rich Foods for Anaemia:

  1. Leafy Greens: Include spinach, kale, collard greens, and similar vegetables, rich in nonheme iron, in your meals. While beneficial, it’s advisable not to rely solely on these sources.
  2. Meat and Poultry: Opt for heme iron sources found in red meat, lamb, and venison, promoting efficient iron absorption.
  3. Liver: Although not a popular choice, liver is an excellent source of iron, making it a valuable addition to your diet.
  4. Seafood: Certain fish and seafood like oysters, clams, shrimp, and scallops are high in heme iron, aiding in anaemia management.
  5. Fortified Foods: Consume iron-fortified foods such as orange juice, pasta, and white rice to supplement your iron intake.
  6. Beans: For vegetarians, beans like chickpeas, kidney beans, and soybeans serve as rich sources of iron.
  7. Nuts and Seeds: Enjoy iron-rich nuts and seeds like pumpkin seeds, cashews, pine nuts, and pistachios. They can be eaten alone or sprinkled on yoghurt and salads.

By following this comprehensive diet plan, you can gradually embark on the journey to combat anaemia effectively. Ensure consistency, and you’ll be on the path to improved health and vitality!

Natural Remedies to Combat Anemia

Anemia weakens your immune system and makes you susceptible to infections and inflammatory diseases. Here are some natural remedies to fortify your body and enhance iron absorption:

  1. Increase Vitamin C Intake: Adequate doses of vitamin C strengthen your immune system and aid iron absorption. Include oranges in your diet or have a glass of lemon water daily to boost your vitamin C levels.
  2. Yogurt with Turmeric: For kapha-type anemia, characterized by swelling and cold, clammy skin, have a cup of yogurt twice a day with a teaspoon of turmeric. This remedy helps balance the kapha dosha in the body.
  3. Consume Green Vegetables: Green vegetables like spinach, celery, mustard greens, and broccoli are rich in chlorophyll, a good source of iron. Opt for cooked spinach as raw leaves contain oxalic acid, which may hinder iron absorption.
  4. Drink Beetroot or Pomegranate Juice: Fresh beetroot or pomegranate juice acts as excellent blood builders and purifiers. Beetroots are rich in folic acid and can be paired with apples or carrots. Pomegranates are packed with iron, copper, and potassium. Regular consumption boosts energy levels and supports healthy blood flow.
  5. Copper Water: Drinking water stored in a copper vessel overnight replenishes your body with natural minerals. It promotes overall well-being and is beneficial for hair health.
  6. Sesame Seeds: Increase your iron intake by consuming sesame seeds, especially black sesame seeds. Soak them in water for a few hours, grind them into a paste, and mix with a teaspoon of honey. Consume this mixture daily.
  7. Raisins and Dates: These dried fruits combine iron and Vitamin C, facilitating efficient iron absorption. Eat a handful of raisins and one or two dates for breakfast or as a mid-meal snack to boost your energy levels.

Incorporate these natural remedies into your routine to combat anemia effectively and improve your overall health.

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